A Comparative Analysis of Patterns of Girls’ Attitudes towards Design and Technology: Botswana and Swaziland.

Michael Gaotlhobogwe


A convenient sample of 965 high school girls drawn from three different localities in Botswana and Swaziland was used to compare
patterns of girls’ attitudes towards Design and Technology between the two countries. Factor Analysis and independent samples t-test
results revealed a somewhat different pattern. In Botswana, unlike in Swaziland the findings indicated significant differences between DT and NON DT girls in all factors that influenced their attitudes towards the subject. In terms of ‘support’ for example, it became apparent that in Botswana unlike in Swaziland DT girls had more support from their parents, siblings and teachers as opposed to
NON DT girls. As a socialization problem rather than a biological determination problem, and as raising issues of moral justification and problems of moral obligation, any intervention to promote Design and Technology among girls should target not only them but their families as well.


Botswana; Swaziland; Design and Technology; gender; attitudes; t-test

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.15663/ajte.v2i1.19


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